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About Himachal Pradesh

Shimla, Himachal Pradesh


Sitting in awe splendor in the lap of the lofty Himalayas - Himachal Pradesh in the northern part of India calls one and all. Himachal Pradesh is divided into two parts Southern and Northern Himachal. The Southern Himachal or the Lower Himachal is quiet similar to the plains of India, while Northern Himachal or Upper Himachal is colder both in summer and winter as compared to the Lower Himachal.

The land of endless snow peaks and lush valleys, Himachal lies in the transition zone from the plains to the high Himalaya and in the trans-Himalayan region of Lahaul and Spiti, actually crosses that mighty barrier to the Tibetan plateau. The Kullu valley, with its developed and tourist-oriented economy, can be considered the backbone of the state. Off the east is thew Parbati valley, popular with long stay visitors. In the Chamba and Kangra regions can be found typical British hill stations and small but beautiful temple complexes.

Location
Himachal Pradesh is situated in North India; cover by Jammu and Kashmir in the North, Punjab in the West, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in the South and Tibet in the East border it.

Climate & Best time to visit
At summer temperature varies from the maximum of 38º Celsius to minimum 22º Celsius and at winter temperature varies from maximum 15º Celsius to minimum 0º Celsius. The annual rainfall is 2909-3800 mm. Most of the adventure sports are conducted during June to September period. For a trip to Himachal Pradesh best time is from September to March.

Geography
Mountains and their associated rivers and valleys dominate the topography of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh can be easily categorised by its valleys. Lahaul consists of the Chandra and Bhaga valleys. Further east, the Spiti River joins the Sutlej River in Kinnaur and flows all the way to the Punjab. In the west, the beautiful Kangra valley stretches from Mandi to Shahpur, near Pathankot.

Cities Of Himachal Pradesh
Following are the famous cities of Himachal Pradesh

Bilaspur Dharamsala Hamirpur
Rampur Shimla  

Interested Places

City Guide
Hawa MahalShimla - At the time of British Rule, Shimla known as the summer capital of India and Queen of the Hill Stations. Nature has bestowed immense This is the enchantment of nature's generous bounty. In the north of Himachal Pradesh, awesome snow ranges race across the horizon. In the cool breezes that flow down from them, they hold oak and rhododendron forests, stately cedars and wafting pines. There are tufts of ferns and wild flowers. There are strolling mists, spectacular sunsets and winter's deep blue skies. The air is clear crisp. The Viceregal lodge, Himachal State Museum, Jakhoo Hill, Annandale, Glen, Summer Hill, Chadwick Falls, Prospect Hill,Sanjauli, Daranghati Sanctuary and Temples are famous places to watch in Shimla.

Kullu Manali - This city was previously know as the Kulanpitha. Situated at an altitude of about 3, 900 ft, Kullu is known for many things like apple orchards, beautiful women, wooden temples and folk music and dances. Just 40 kms away from Kullu, you will find another enticing hill station - Manali. Also known as "Queen of Hill Resort", Manali is a cool retreat for anyone who exults in just being amidst unspoilt nature.

Kangra -Kangra is prettiest valley of Himachal Pradesh with nature finery at its best. Kangra is little town and located nearly 17 kms away from Dharamshala.

Dalhousie – Dalhousie is gateway to Chamba and established by the British Governor General Lord Dalhousie, the tiny hill station of Dalhousie is located at an elevation of 2,039 m. Dalhousie comprises five distinct hills, Balun, Kathlog, Petreyn, Tehra and Bakrota with heights ranging between 1,525 and 2,378 metres. It is known for its Church buildings and other landmarks erected by the British. Nearby famous places of Dalhousie are Bakrota Hills ( 2,085 metres ), St. Andrew's Church, St. Patrick's Church, St. Francis' Church, St. John's Church, Bakrota Hills ( 2,085 metres ), Dainkund or Dayankund ( 2,745 metres ), Kalatop ( 2,440 metres ), Khajjiar, Panchphulla, Subhash Baoli ( 1.6 km. ), Jandri Ghat ( 2 km. ), The Round ( 4.8 km. ), Ajit Singh Memorial etc.

Chamba – In 920 AD the town of Chamba was founded by Raja Sahil Varma. Chamba town lies at a distance of 56 km from Dalhousie. Chamba town has developed its own style of art and architecture in past years. To see here is a fine group of six ancient stone temples dedicated to both Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. Other famous attractions around the town are Katasan Devi Temple, Sarol, Jhamwar, Saho etc.

Dharamshala - Dharamshalastands at the foot of Dhauladhar. This hill station is wooded with oak and conifer trees and snow capped mountains enfold three sides of the town while the valley stretches in front. Dharamshala is also the headquarter of the Kangra district. It is divided into two distinct parts. Lower Dharamshala has civil offices and business establishments with courts. Kotwali bazar and Upper Dharamshala comprise of places with names which bear witness to its history like McLeod Ganj and Forsythe Ganj. Nearby famous places of Dharamshal are Mcleod Ganj, Bhagsunag Fall, St. John's Church, Dharamkot, Kunal Pathari etc.

Kufri - Kufri Located 16 km from Shimla, Kufri is a tiny hill station. The town is popular with the tourists for trekking and hiking trails. Fagu (6 km) is a picnic spot nearby. The Winter Festival here is a big attraction for tourists, travellers and adventure seekers.

Spiti - Known as the 'Valley of Monasteries', Spiti houses several world famous gompas including Tabo, Gulling, Whankar and Kee. THe establishment of these gompas have been due to the deveopment of Buddhism which has been practised in the valley over the last few centuries. Thankas (fabric paintings), an array of musical murals, some of the priceless possessions of the monasteries -- they all reflect the skill and the love for colour and aesthetics of the people of Spiti. The places of interest in Spiti are Sumdo, Attergu, Kaza, Losar, Kunzam Pass etc.

Things to do

Trekking - Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges are the major trekking area of Himachal Pradesh. There are numerous treks which come out of Kullu. Himachal Pradesh is paradise for trekkers and offers a virtual bonanza for them. April-May for low altitude trekking & camping & June to October is season for treks (moderate to strenuous), which could range up to 11 days.

Skiing - Skiing in Himachal Pradesh has acquired a special place in Himachal Pradesh tourism. Kufri in Himachal Pradesh is known for Skiing especially in winter. The other regions famous for Mahasu ridge has good slopes. The hills of Himachal Pradesh have all the ingredients for adventure, packed with excitement and thrills, and lots of unexplored valleys, towering peaks and snow-capped mountains and glaciers.

Paragliding - Paragliding is often confused with Parasailing. Paragliding and parasailing are almost the same with the only difference, that in paragliding you run down a hill and in parasailing you are tied to a boat with the big parachute and you are lifted up from the ground.