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About Punjab

Golden Temple, Punjab


Punjab located in the north part of India and historically the frontier state. Being on the sensitive western border, the state has often borne the brunt of attacks and invasions from foreign invaders, some of who stayed to rule, and others who were repelled. The Sikh religion, founded by Guru Nanak, spread its roots fromhere, thousands of devotees flock to the Golden Temple of Amritsar everyday. The Rig Vida and the epic Ramayana were also composed here.

Punjab means ‘the land of the five rivers’, namely the Jhelum, Ravi, Chenab, Sutlej, and the Beas. The State now consists of only three – Beas, Sutlet and Ravi – with their massive hydro-electric projects generously supplying electricity to the whole state and even to some neighboring ones. With the Green revolution and the latest agriculture machinery being put to use Punjab has often been described as the Granary of India.

The people of Punjab are intense and earthy, loving the land that gave them life and making it their partner in their music, dance, celebrations and festivals

Punjab is an Industrial Hub in India. Punjab has over 2.06 lakhs of small and medium scale and approximately 600 large-scale industries. In the field of manufacturing machine, handtools, printing and paper cutting machinery, auto parts and electrical switchgear, Punjab is the Leader. Punjab also provide more than 75% of the country;s requirements for Bicycles, Sewing Machines, Hosiery.

Location
Punjab is situated in the northwest of India. West side of Punjab bordered by the Pakistan and other border of Punjab covered by Jammu and Kashmir on north, Himachal Pradesh on Northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan to its south.

Climate
In Punjab, three major seasons are Hot Season, Rainy Season and Cold Weather. Hot weather starts from April to June when temperature rises as high as 110 F; Rainy season from July to September; Cold weather from October to March. Temperature goes down as low as 40F.

Cities Of Punjab
Following are the famous cities of Punjab

Abohar Amritsar Banur
Barnala Chandigarh Dhuri
Faridkot Hoshiarpur Jalandhar
Jalalabad Jagraon Kapurthala
Ludhiana Malout Moga
Mohali Mukatsar Mullanpur
Nangal Pathankot Patiala
Sangrur Talwara Zira

Places Of Interest

City Guide
Hawa MahalAmritsar – Amristar, or the city of the Golden temple is situated on the north-western border of the state of Punjab. This 400 year old city has been an important centre of Sikh History, culture and tradition. The city was founded in 1579 by Guru Ramdas, the fourth guru of the Sikhs. The name Amritsar means ‘a pool of nector’, the pool beside which the famous Golden Temple is situated. This is holiest of Sikh shrines, and pilgrims of all castes and creeds cometopay their respects here. The temple was totally ravaged in 1761 during Ahmed Shah’s sinvasion, but it was rebuilt in 1764 and gold plated in the year 1802. Amritsar is also commercially and industrially important. The famous place in Amristsar are Golden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh, Central Sikh Museum and the Durgiana Mandir

Jalandhar -In past some year, Jalandhar has very high industrial growth. Jalandhar is quite popular for Handloom product manufacturing, steel and iron re-rolling, rubber goods, electric goods automobile parts and sewing machine factories. Jalandhar is also know for its sportsmen and sports industry.

Chandigarh -One of the most beautiful city of India, designed by the French architect Le Corbusier. Chandigarh is the first planned modern city of India. The city was constituted as a union territory on 1 November, 1966. The city has well-laid roads lined with trees and wonderfully planned buildings, with the Shivalik ranges providing a wonderful backdrop to it. There are a number of exquisite gardens, breathtaking valleys, beautiful lakes, well planned buildings and museum to see. The famous attractions are the Rock Garden, the Sukhna Lake, the Open Hand Monument, the Leisure Valley, Dr Zakir Rose Garden, the Shanti Kunj, the Bougainvillea Garden, the Rajendra Park etc.

Ludhiana -Ask where the home of the hosiery industry is in India and the answer will invariably be Ludhiana. Woolens from this city not only feed almost the entire domestic market but are also exported the world over. Vibrant colours of reds, pinks, purples, and maroons plus hordes of pastels flood the markets. The famous Punjab Agricultural University is situated on the outskirts of the city.

Patiala -History dates the birth of Patiala to 1756 when Baba Ala Singh founded it and built the Qila Mubarak or the Patiala Fort. The fort now houses an impressive armoury and some beautiful chandeliers. An erstwhile princely state, the city still retains much of its historical grandeur in its forts, palaces and extensive well maintained gardens. The Motibagh Palace was built by Maharaja Narinder Singh around 1845, who styled it after the Shalimar Gardens of Lahore. The Palace is surrounded by magnificent lawns and fountains. Its walls are covered with beautifully sculpted and painted scenes from mythology, poems of some great poets, 'bara msasa' or the moods of the twelve months, and some excellent portraits of the Sikh gurus. This style became famous as the Patiala School of Painting. The motibagh Palace now houses the National Institute of Sports and the Punjab Art Gallery.

Things to Do

Taste Makke di Roti and Sarson ka Sagh: - In Punjab, Makke di Roti and Sarson ka Sagh is very popular. For a person who is a food freak, Makke di Roti and Sarson ka Sagh is must on his/her tour.

Taste Lassi – Lassi is staple drink of Punjab. Prepared from thick curd, it has both sweet and salty flavors and make sure you have it chilled. Must drink it.