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About Srinagar

Dal Lake, Jammu and Kashmir, Srinagar

The Vale of Kashmir is an oval plain 140 kilometers (87miles) long and up to 40 kilometers (25 miles) wide. It is surrounded on all sides by high mountains. Among the highest peaks are Nanga Parbat (8114 meters or 26621 feet), Haramukh (5150 meters or 16896 feet) and Amarnath ( 5280 meters or 17323 feets) a well as the magnificent Pir Panjal Range with man peaks over 4570 meters (14993 feet). The fertile land of the valley, by the Jhelum River and its tributaries, produces crops of rice, maize, an enormous variety of fruit, and saffon (Crocus sativus) which has been cultivated in Kashmir for over a thousand years.

Kashmir is a land for all seasons. Spring (March to early May) is the season of the flowering fruit trees and meadows; summer (May to August) is the time higher altitude destinations are most accessible; at the beginning of autumn the saffron fields are carpeted with violet-blue flowers and the leaves of the chenar trees begin to turn to gold; in winter (December to March) the snows cover the high meadows and much of the valley for a few weeks.

The expanding city of Srinagar is home to over half a million souls. It stretches along the bank of the Jhelum River, which is spanned by nine old and several other new bridges. Canals intersect the city and link the Jhelum with the spring-fed Dal Lake which is divided by causeways into four parts – Gagribal, Lokutdal, Boddal and Nagin. Part of the Dal Lake is covered by the famous floating gardens made up of reed platforms moored to the lake bed and covered with heaps of weed and mud. These market gardens produce cucumbers, tomatoes and melons.

At the Dal Lake end of town is the main Maulana Azad Road, on which are the Roman Catholic Church and the Golf Club (which has an 18-hole course and accepts temporary members). In the same area are the tourist Reception Centre and the leading holets, but it is the canal-crossed old part of the city with its wooden houses, colour and bustle which is most authentically Kashmir.

Tourist Attractions

Dal Lake : Dal Lake is among the chief points of interest of Srinagar and it is a maze of intricate waterways. The Dal Lake contains vegetable gardens, lotus plantations, retailers and narrow lanes of water, bordered using the willow trees. The lake is divided into Gagribal, Bod Dal and Lokut Dal by a sequence of causeways. Within the Dal Lake you can find two islands that are well-known picnic spots for locals and vacationers also. Silver Island (Sona Lank) is to the north end with the lake although Gold Island (Rupa Lank) is to the south. There is a 3rd island, Nehru Park, at the end with the main stretch of the lake facet Boulevard. Regardless of whether you're just calming in your houseboat or visiting the Mughal's gardens across the lake there's a lot to see and do on Dal Lake. A shikara journey across the lake can be a fantastic encounter and not to become missed. A leisurely cruise around the lake will consider all day including visits to the Mughal Gardens and a lot of other places about the lake aspect.

Hazratbal Mosque : Hazratbal mosque is situated about the north west shore of Dal Lake. It is the one mosque in the Kashmir Valley that is constructed of white marble and surrounded by a dome. Hazratbal mosque enshrines a single hair of Prophet Muhammad which is exhibited to public several occasions inside a year. For non-believers the mosque is going to be fascinating for its lovely environment about the shores of your lake acquiring the snow-capped peaks like a backdrop.

Nagin Lake : Nagin Lake can be a lovely lake and it ringed by several trees. You'll uncover a number of houseboats on this quieter and cleaner lake.

Shalimar Bagh : Shalimar Bagh is considered essentially the most lovely of all of the Mughal gardens in Srinagar. The garden was constructed by Jehangir in 1616 for her spouse Nur Jahan. Shalimar garden has four terraces and gets drinking water from Harwan Lake via canal. Throughout the Mughal period of time the top most of the 4 terraces called the 'Abode of Love', was reserved for that emperor and also the women of the court. Shalimar garden blooms with several varieties of colourful flowers in spring and autumn time. Between May to October a nightly sound and mild show is place on inside the gorgeous backyard.

Nishat Bagh : Nishat Garded lies in Srinagar at a distance of eleven kms through the district headquarters. Situated around the banks of Dal Lake with the Zabarwan hills in the backdrop, the Nishat Bagh offers wonderful view throughout the lake to the Pir Panjal mountains. Created in 1633by Nur Jahan's brother Asaf Khan, the Nishat Bagh is one of the biggest from the Mughal gardens. Nishat Bagh follows the traditional pattern of the central channel running down inside the middle, well-managed lawns, gorgeous flowers and fountains.

Chasma Shahi : Smallest of your Mughal gardens in Srinagar, the Chasma Shahi backyard lies nicely up the hillside, previously mentioned the Nehru Memorial Park. Chasma Shahsi garden was initially laid out in 1632 but has been prolonged couple of years back again. Attributed to Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the garden is set in picturesque surrounding having a cool drinking water spring.

Pari Mahal : Pari Mahal is located just above the Chasma Shahi. Originally it absolutely was an astronomical obeservatory constructed by Mughal Emperor Dara Shikho. Lately the ruined, arched terraces happen to be turned into a extremely beaitiful backyard offering the splendid view over Dal Lake.

Nasim Bagh : Situated just beyond the Hazratbal Mosque, the Nasim Bagh was constructed by Emperor Akbar in 1586. These days this oldest Mughal garden is utilised by an engineering school and isn't taken care of like a backyard.

Harwan Lake : A clean and pure drinking water lake, Harwan lake is set amongst the mountains. With its darkish green waters reflecting the higher peaks of Mahadeo moutain, Harwan Lake provides a few of the best surrounding surroundings within the Kahsmir valley. The water of Harwan Lake is fed to the adjacent backyard through a lovely canal. Despite the fact that the backyard has not much clutter of fountains as well as other fancy things, but it has huge green lawns forming an ideal spot for picnic.

Hari Parbat Fort : Hari Parbat Fort is perched atop the Sharika hill towards the west of Dal Lake. Originally this fort was constructed in between 1592 and 1598 during the rule of Akbar, but most the present construction dates through the 18th century. At the southern gate from the fort there's a shrine of sixth Sikh Guru. For going to the fort you need to take permission from the Director of Tourism.

Jama Masjid : Jama Masjid is located in the heart of the previous metropolis at Nowhatta, thousands of men and women congregate here for that Friday prayers. This extraordinary wooden mosque is known for about 327 wooden pillars supporting the roof, each and every made of the single deodar tree trunk. Jama Masjid has had an interesting historical past, very first built in 1385 by Sultan Sikander, it absolutely was enlarged by Zain-ul-Abidin in 1402, then destroyed by fire in 1479. It was rebuilt in 1503, one more fire destroyed it throughout Mughal Emperor Jehnagir's reign. Just before its more recent build in 1674 by Auragzeb it had been burnt down twice. The spires and domes of the mosque are good specimen of Kashmiri architecture.

Shankaracharya Hill : Increasing up behind the Boulevard, beside the well-known Dalk Lake, the hill was as soon as referred to as as Takht-i-Sulaiman (Throne of Solomon). Shankaracharya Hill is home to Shankaracharya temple constructed during Jehangir's time by King Gopaditya. Devoted to Lord Shiva, the Shankaracharya temple is among the oldest landmarks close to Srinagar. A ceiling covers the interior sanctum and an inscription in Persian traces it origin. Take a stroll to the leading from where you'll get a fantastic watch with the valley bellow, the Dal Lake and the Mughal Gardens.

Museum : Shri Pratap Singh Museum lies in Lal Mandi, just south of your river among Zero Bridge and Amira Kadal. The museum features a huge assortment of exhibits related to Kashmir including illustrated titles from Harwan.

Shah Hamdan Mosque : Initially constructed in 1395 the wood mosque was destroyed by fire twice in 1479 and 1731. Shah Hamdan Mosque is shaped like a cube getting a pyramidal roof rising to a spire.

Tourist Points of interest About Srinagar

Pandrathan Temple : Pandrathan Temple is a modest but beautifully proportioned Shiva Temple. Constructed inside the 900 Ad the temple lies in the army cantonment region of your Jammu road out of Srinagar.

Pahalgam : A world well-known hill station Pahalgam is located at a distance of forty five kms from Srinagar. Because of its serene and picturesque attractiveness Pahalgam attracts huge number of visitors every single year. Pahalgam also serves as base camp for your common Amarnath Yatra of Hindus.

Gulmarg : Gulmarg is situated in the Baramulla district of Kashmir, 56 kms southwest of Srinagar. Literally meaning, 'meadow of flowers', the hill station of Gulmarg is recognized for its legendary attractiveness and prime location near to Srinagar.

Amarnath : A pilgrimage destination for Hindus, Amarnath lies 145 km east of Srinagar. Amarnath is considered one of your significant Hindu Dhams and devotees pay a visit to the place to determine normally formed ice Shiva-linga. Each and every 12 months on of the full moon day of Sarvana (July-August) when the Shiva-linga attains its optimum peak a festival is held here.

Shikaras : Shikaras will be the lengthy boats which crowd most of the lakes in Srinagar. They are utilized for finding back and forth in the houseboats or for lengthier tours. Officially there is a standard fare for every trip around the lakes along with the costs are predominantly posted in the principal landings (ghats). Shikara trip is when in a lifetime encounter and it's extremely common among the vacationers. Even though you might be on shikara ride, attempt paddling the shikara yourself someday, it's nowhere close to as easy as it appear. You may invest lots of time going spherical in circles.

How to reach

By Air : Srinagar has its own airport that is thirteen km out of the town and connected to key metropolitan areas of India. Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and many other airlines operate daily flight from Delhi, Chandigarh, Amritsar and Jammu, and weekly from Leh in Ladakh. Buses and taxis are offered from your airport to the city.

By Train : Jammu may be the nearest railhead from Srinagar. Jammu railway station is 591 km from Delhi and served by many express trains. Buses and taxis run frequently from Jammu railway station to Srinagar.

By Road : National Highway one A connects Sringar with Jammu. Buses ply to Jammu from all more than north India to Jammu. Jammu - Srinagar Highway is regarded as one of one of the most picturesque in the country and you will certainly take pleasure in the road journey. Luxury buses and shared taxis are available from Jammu to Srinagar.